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Androulla Efstratiou
Adjunct Professor, Microbiology
Academic Qualifications
Qualification Year Awarding Institution Department Thesis title (Optional Entry)
PhD 1987     University of London Biological Sciences The streptococci of Lancefield groups C and G  as pathogens in man
Employment History
Period of employment Employer Location Position
From To
2011 * Present Public Health England London, UK Consultant Public Health Microbiologist
2003* 2011 Health Protection Agency London, UK As above
1980* *Same organisation: name changes 2003 Public Health Laboratory Service London, UK Senior Microbiologist
Year Title Other authors Journal and Publisher / Conference Vol. Pages
2019 Control of Communicable Disease Manual Chapters on: Streptococcal Infections and Diphtheria Baharak Afshar CDC Publication Book  
2019 Chapter: Pathogenicity factors in Lancefield group C and group G streptococci CE Turner, L.Bubba ASM Publication Book on Gram Positive Pathogens Book  
2019 Group B streptococcal disease in UK and Irish infants younger than 90 days, 2014-15: a prospective surveillance study.   O'Sullivan CP, Lamagni T, Patel D et al. Lancet Infectious Diseases Jan;19        (1) 83-90
2018 European Multicentre Tics in Children Studies (EMTICS): protocol for two cohort studies to assess risk factors for tic onset and exacerbation in children and adolescents.   Schrag A, Martino D, Apter A, Ball J, Bartolini E, Benaroya-Milshtein N, Buttiglione M, Cardona F, Creti et al. European Child. Adolescents Psychiatry Jan;28(1) 91-109
2017 Comparison of molecular serotyping approaches of Streptococcus agalactiae from genomic sequences. Kapatai G, Patel D,  Chalker VJ BMC Genomics Jun 1;18(1):429. 3820-5          
2017 Enhanced Nasopharyngeal Infection and Shedding Associated with an Epidemic Lineage of emm3 group A Streptococcus. Afshar B, Turner CE, Lamagni T, Smith K, Al-Shahib A et al. Virulence   May 1:0. doi:  10.1080/21505594.2017.1325070
2016 Emergence of a novel  lineage containing a prophage in emm3 group A streptococci associated with an upsurge in invasive disease in the UK Al Shahib A, Underwood A, Afshar B, Turner CE et al. Microbial Genomics      
2016 Epidemiology of Streptococcus pyogenes. In: Ferretti JJ, Stevens DL, Fischetti VA, editors. Streptococcus pyogenes: Basic Biology to Clinical Manifestations [Internet]. TLamagni Oklahoma City (OK): University of Oklahoma Health Sciences Center Book
2015 Seroprevalence and Determinants of Immunity to Diphtheria for Children Living in Two Districts of Contrasting Incidence During an Outbreak in East Java, Indonesia. Hughes GJ, Mikhail AF, Husada D et al.   Pediatric  Infectious Diseases Journal   3;34: 1152-6.
2015 Molecular and epidemiological review of toxigenic diphtheria infections in England between 2007 and 2013. Journal of Clinical Microbiology Both L, Collins S, de Zoysa A, White J, Mandal S   53 567-72
Date Topic International / Local Location* Role in Exhibition
Dec 2018 Laboratory diagnosis of diphtheria workshop International/; WHO Western Pacific Region Institute of Tropical Diseases, Manila, Phillipines Director and main organiser
Nov 2018 Laboratory diagnosis of diphtheria workshop International, European Centre for Disease Control and Prevention, WHO Europe, European University Cyprus Director and main organiser
July 2018 Laboratory diagnosis of diphtheria workshop International/; WHO Eastern Mediterranean Region, WHO HQ American University, Beirut, Lebanon Director and main organiser
October 2017 Laboratory diagnosis of diphtheria workshop International/; WHO Europe; NIS countries University of Cyprus, Nicosia Director and main organiser
July 2015 Molecular workshop on diagnosis and epidemiology of diphtheria International; South East Asia WHO BBLK Public Health Institute, Surabaya, Indonesia Director and main organiser
January 2015 Laboratory diagnosis of diphtheria workshop WHO South East Asia Region Christian Medical College, Vellore, India Director and main organiser
April 2018 Vaccinology Module European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control University of Cyprus Organiser
Research Projects
Date Title Funded by Project Role*
2019 - present Global genomics epidemiology of group B streptococcal Infections Gates Foundation Main collaborator
2017- present Global diphtheria gap analysis WHO and ECDC Principle Lead
2011- 2018 European multicentre Tics in children studies (EMTICS). EU FP7 Health Programme UK Microbiology Lead
2010-2017 Molecular anatomy of invasive group A streptococcal isolates in England UK HPRU Lead
1995 - 2018 Numerous framework programmes awarded by the European Commission    
Academic Consulting Services/Councils/Boards/Editorial Committees
Period Organization Title of Position or Service Key Activities
2011- present European Centre for Disease Control and Prevention PHE Main Supervisor for the European Public Health Microbiology Fellowship Programme Mentorship, training, lecturing, module organisation, programme organisation
2011 - present University of Lisbon PhD Examiner PhD Examiner; faculty of medicine
1998 - present WHO Director and WHO Consultant, WHO Collaborating Centre for Reference and Research on Diphtheria and Streptococcal Infections Public health, laboratory diagnostics, consultancies, training
2010 - present European Commission Evaluator for the Horizon 2020 programme Marie Curie fellowships and other programmes
20011 - 2017 European Centre for Disease Control and Prevention Scientific Coordinator, European Public Health Microbiology Fellowship programme Mentorship, training, lecturing, module organisation
Awards/International Recognition
Date Title Awarded by:
2012 - present Honorary Visiting Professor, Department of Infectious Diseases Imperial College, Faculty of Medicine, London:
1998 - present Director, WHO Collaborating Centre for Reference and Research on Diphtheria and Streptococcal Infections WHO Headquarters, Geneva
1994- Coordinator European Laboratory Working Group on Diphtheria WHO Europe
Other Achievements
Title Key Activities:
Educational Supervisor, Medical Deanery, University of London Supervision of MD, PhD students
Faciitator ECDC Facilitator for ECDC fellowship programmes
Medical Adviser Lee Sparks Member of Advisory Board
President of Lancefield Society (2008-2011)  
Member of International Scientific Committee, Lancefield International Symposium on Streptococci and Streptococcal Diseases, 2017-2021 Scientific advice, abstract and programme evaluation
National and International grants reviewer: Wellcome Trust, MRC, NIH, Grants evaluations
Health Technology Assessments evaluator Grants evaluation
Evaluator for National Belgian Reference laboratories Evaluation of functions of national reference laboratories
Cyprus MoH evaluation team for research of CING Evaluator of research and functions of the different departments within CING, part of the evaluation committee commissioned by Cyprus MoH
Awarded Louis Pasteur medal in infectious diseases, Pasteur Institute,  St Petersburg